poetry in the 1970s

poetry in the 1970s
   The 1970s mark a point of transition in poetry. In 1974, Philip Larkin published his last collection of poems, High Windows. The poets, mainly men, whose work had been published for twenty or thirty years or even more, continued to be published, but for many the end of their creative lives was approaching. The most powerful influences were Thomas Hardy (1840–1928) and, more covertly, Edward Thomas (1878–1917). There was a lack of influence in the poetry of the time, and in earlier decades, of the work of the more obviously modernist poetry of Ezra Pound (1885–1972), T.S. Eliot (1888–1965) or even W.H.Auden (1907–73).
   This decade saw the poetry of the powerful writers emerge from the jostling mob into the permanent critical memory, gathering regard and judicious admiration. Tony Harrison, Douglas Dunn, Geoffrey Hill, Seamus Heaney, Ruth Pitter and U.A.Fanthorpe are amongst a host of those worth reading. The influence of poetry being written in other countries seems minimal: especially lacking is the sprightliness, speed and power of intellectual control and emotional dynamics found in European and American poetry. Even in the most challenging British poetry there is a sense of the prepared ‘set piece’ in which all the movements are rigidly mapped. A partial breakout might have existed in the work of Craig Raine, where a deracinated metaphysical style reworked the ordinary into the fantastic with flip-flopping, metaphoric trickery. The signature poem, ‘A Martian Sends A Postcard Home’, gave a name to the manner and drew a line under the Martian ‘movement’ (see Martian Poets).
   At the same time a multitude of poetic voices that were to break the cosmopolitan and centralizing hegemony of the London-based ‘academic’ poetry emerged. Black Afro-Caribbean, women’s and regional poetic voices that were seen not as remarkable primitifs but as authentic and variant voices were published. They often took their richness from the coming together of poets in regional centres: the Morden Tower readings, organized by Tom Pickard in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, brought American beat and Black Mountain poetry in a direct way to British writers and readers. The break-up of the slightly complacent consensuality of an earlier generation came violently and vividly at the end of the 1960s and both in Britain and across the world was exacerbated in the 1970s. The most memorable poetry of this decade and the next is a commentary upon that exacerbation.
   Further reading
    Jones, P. and Schmidt, M. (eds) (1980) British Poetry Since 1970: A Critical Survey, Manchester: Carcanet.
   JIM MALONEY

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • poetry in the 1990s —    In the middle of the decade, Neil Astley, one of British poetry’s most powerful publishers and poets, asked the question, ‘Is poetry the new rock ’n’ roll?’ Someone is always asking, ‘is X the new rock ’n’ roll?’; but it is instructive that… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • poetry in the 1980s —    In Britain the 1980s began in 1979, when the long national political domination of the Conservatives in national government began, and the 1980s became synonymous with the jingoistic nationalism of post Falklands triumphalism and the… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Poetry of the United States — The poetry of the United States arose first during its beginnings as the constitutionally unified thirteen colonies (although before this, a strong oral tradition often likened to poetry existed among Native American societies [Einhorn, Lois J.… …   Wikipedia

  • poetry —    The trajectory of Spanish poetry in the years 1939–90 is complex, beginning with the relatively impoverished poetic landscape of the aftermath of the Civil War. The social and existential themes of the 1940s and 1950s eventually gave way to a… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • poetry anthologies —    For many, their first meeting with poetry is the anthology, as school reader, GCSE or A level set text. The selection principle in anthologies is rarely made explicit. Nevertheless this is how, unnoticing, readers begin to regard literature’s… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • The Deviants (band) — The Deviants Origin United Kingdom Genres Psychedelic rock Years active 1967–1969 Labels Sire …   Wikipedia

  • The Doors (film) — The Doors Theatrical release poster Directed by Oliver Stone Produced by …   Wikipedia

  • The Nervous Set — the jazz musical born in St. Louis’ legendary Gaslight Square entertainment district in 1959, described the Beat Generation, the young people in post World War II, pre Vietnam America, swimming in disillusioned angst and apathy, angry, poetic an …   Wikipedia

  • The Changing Light at Sandover — is a 560 page epic poem by James Merrill (1926 ndash;1995). Sometimes described as a postmodern apocalyptic epic, the poem was published in three separate installments between 1976 and 1980, and in its entirety in 1982. Already established in the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”